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Lyme disease is transmitted to humans by the bite from an infected black-legged tick which is commonly known as the deer tick. It is a bacterial infection caused by four main species of bacteria that are Borrelia burgdorferi, Borrelia mayonii, Borrelia afzelii, and Borrelia garinii. They are region specific as Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia mayonii are common in the United States whereas Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii are affecting people in Europe and Asia.

The name ‘Deer tick’ is popular as these ticks get infected after feeding on the infected deer or mice and once they are infected, they transmit the same bacteria in humans. Generally, these ticks need around 24 to 48 hours to be on the skin of the humans to transmit the infection and most people don’t even remember the bite by the tick.

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